[1]谢贤鑫,张令心,曲哲.砌体填充墙中塑钢门窗的地震易损性试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2019,39(04):184-191.[doi:10.13197/j.eeev.2019.04.184.xiexx.019]
 XIE Xianxin,ZHANG Lingxin,QU Zhe.Experimental seismic fragility of windows and doors with plastic-steel frames in masonry infill walls[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2019,39(04):184-191.[doi:10.13197/j.eeev.2019.04.184.xiexx.019]
点击复制

砌体填充墙中塑钢门窗的地震易损性试验研究
分享到:

《地震工程与工程振动》[ISSN:/CN:]

卷:
39
期数:
2019年04
页码:
184-191
栏目:
论文
出版日期:
2019-09-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experimental seismic fragility of windows and doors with plastic-steel frames in masonry infill walls
作者:
谢贤鑫12 张令心12 曲哲12
1. 中国地震局 工程力学研究所, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080;
2. 中国地震局地震工程与工程振动重点实验室, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
Author(s):
XIE Xianxin12 ZHANG Lingxin12 QU Zhe12
1. Institute of Engineering Mechanics, China Earthquake Administration, Harbin 150080, China;
2. Key Laboratory of Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Vibration of China Earthquake Adminstration, Harbin 150080, China
关键词:
拟静力试验普通平板玻璃PVC型材使用功能逃生
Keywords:
quasi-static testanneal glassPVC framefunctionalityescape
分类号:
TU362
DOI:
10.13197/j.eeev.2019.04.184.xiexx.019
摘要:
为了研究砌体墙充墙中普通门窗的地震易损性,进行了3个含塑钢门窗和足尺砌体填充墙的钢筋混凝土框架试验体的拟静力试验。根据试验中塑钢门窗的损伤发展过程,以其使用功能受影响的程度为依据,定义了"影响密闭"和"阻碍逃生"等两个损伤状态,并以层间位移角为工程需求参数,建立了塑钢推拉门窗和塑钢平开门窗的地震易损性曲线。结果表明,当框架的面内侧向变形达到我国抗震规范规定的框架结构弹性层间位移角限值时,推拉门窗有较大的概率达到或超过"影响密闭"状态。当框架的面内侧向变形达到我国抗震规范建议的钢筋混凝土框架结构发生中等破坏的层间位移角参考限值1/250时,平开门窗很有可能达到或超过"阻碍逃生"状态。当侧向变形进一步增大时,推拉窗面板可能脱离窗框而坠落。在试验中,当框架的层间位移角接近1/30时,固定窗才出现玻璃破碎现象,推拉窗则在试验全过程中均未出现玻璃破碎现象。
Abstract:
To study the seismic fragility of doors and windows in masonry infill walls commonly-used in China, quasi-static tests were conducted on three geometrically identical full-scale reinforced concrete (RC) frame specimens with plastic-steel framed doors and windows and masonry infill. According to the observed damage and functional loss of the plastic-steel framed doors and windows during the test, two damage states, that is, "loss of enclosure" and "obstruction of escape", are defined. Inter-story drift ratio is taken as the engineering demand parameter for the fragility analysis. The results show that sliding windows are very likely to exceed the ‘loss of enclosure’ state at the elastic inter-story drift limit for frame structures as per the Chinese seismic design code. Side-hung doors are very likely to exceed the ‘obstruction of escape’ state at 1/250 inter-story drift ratio, which is the specified drift limit when moderate damage is expected in an RC frame as per the Chinese seismic design code. As the lateral deformation increased, the panel of a sliding window may fall out. Glass break was not observed in the test until the inter-story drift was almost 1/30.

参考文献/References:

[1] Samantha W, Patrick M. Preliminary observations in the aftermath of the November 30, 2018 Anchorage, Alaska earthquake[R]. San Francisco:Skidmore, Owings & Merrill LLP, 2019.
[2] Architectural Institute of Japan.Preliminary Reconnaissance Report of the 2011 Tohoku-Chiho Taiheiyo-Oki Earthquake[R]. Tokyo:Springer. 2011.
[3] 孙柏涛, 闫培雷, 王明振, 等. 四川省芦山"4.20"7.0级强烈地震建筑物震害图集[M]. 北京:地震出版社,2014:296-297. SUN Baitao, YAN Peilei, WANG Mingzhen, et al.Earthquake damage atlas of buildings in Lushan MS7.0 earthquake[M]. Beijing:Seismological Press, 2014:296-297.(in Chinese)
[4] ASCE41-13 Seismic Evaluation and Retrofit of Existing Buildings[S]. Reston, VA:American Society of Civil Engineers, 2014.
[5] FEMA E-74 Reducing the risks of nonstructural earthquake damage:a practical guide[R]. Washington, DC:Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2011.
[6] FEMA P-58 Seismic performance assessment of buildings volume 1:methodology[R]. Washington, DC:Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2012.
[7] Bouwkamp J. Behavior ofwindow panels under in-plane forces[J]. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 1961, 51(1):85-109.
[8] Richard A B, Abdeldjelil B, Adam T B. S Seismic performance of architectural glass in a storefront wall system[J]. Earthquake Spectra, 1995, 11(3):367-391.
[9] Sucuoglu H, Vallabhan C V G. Behavior of window glass panels during earth-quakes[J]. Eng. Struct. 1997, 19(8):685-694.
[10] Ali M M, Paul A K, Richard A B. Architectural glass panels with rounded corners to mitigate earthquake damage[J]. Earthquake Spectra:February 2006, 22(1):129-150.
[11] FEMA 461 Interim testing protocols for determining the seismic performance characteristics of structural and nonstructural components[R]. Washington, DC:Federal Emergency Management Agency, 2007.
[12] GB50011-2010建筑抗震设计规范[S]. 北京:中国建筑工业出版社, 2010. GB50011-2010 Code for Seismic Design of Buildings[S]. Beijing:Building Industry Press of China, 2010. (in Chinese)

相似文献/References:

[1]陆伟东,邓大利.木结构榫卯节点抗震性能及其加固试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2012,32(03):109.
 LU Weidong,DENG Dali.Experimental research on seismic performance of wooden mortise-tenon joints before and after reinforcement[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2012,32(04):109.
[2]尚守平,唐文浩.HPFL加固多孔砖砌体抗震性能的试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2012,32(05):073.
 SHANG Shouping,TANG Wenhao.Experimental investigation on seismic behavior of perforated brick masonry strengthened with HPFL[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2012,32(04):073.
[3]于金光,郝际平.腹板双角钢连接框架-非加劲薄钢板剪力墙抗震性能试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2011,31(05):084.
 YU Jinguang,HAO Jiping.Experimental study on seismic behavior of double web-angle connected steel frame-unstiffened thin steel plate shear wall structure[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2011,31(04):084.
[4]尹龙星,白国良,李红星,等.火电厂主厂房结构异型节点抗震性能试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2013,33(01):115.
 YIN Longxing,BAI Guoliang,LI Hongxing,et al.Experimental study on seismic behavior of abnormal joints of main building in thermal power plant[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2013,33(04):115.
[5]李黎明,陈志华,李宁.隔板贯通式梁柱节点抗震性能试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2007,27(01):046.
 Li Liming,Chen Zhihua,Li Ning.Experimental study on seismic capability of diaphragm-through style beam-column joint[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2007,27(04):046.
[6]司炳君,李宏男,王东升,等.基于位移设计的钢筋混凝土桥墩抗震性能试验研究(I):拟静力试验[J].地震工程与工程振动,2008,28(01):123.
 SI Bingjun,LI Hongnan,WANG Dongsheng,et al.Experimental evaluation of the seismic performance of reinforced concrete bridge piers designed on the basis of displacement(I): Quasi-static test[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2008,28(04):123.
[7]黄俊,徐礼华,戴绍斌.混凝土柱-钢梁边节点的拟静力试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2008,28(02):059.
 HUANG Jun,XU Lihua,DAI Shaobin.Quasi-static test on side joint of concrete column-steel beam[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2008,28(04):059.
[8]刘义,赵鸿铁,薛建阳,等.型钢混凝土异形柱恢复力特性的试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2009,29(02):086.
 LIU Yi,ZHAO Hongtie,XUE Jianyang,et al.Experimental research on restoring force model of SRC special-shaped columns[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2009,29(04):086.
[9]周云,郭阳照,杨冠男,等.摩擦型阻尼填充墙单元的设计及性能试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2013,33(04):210.
 ZHOU Yun,GUO Yangzhao,YANG Guannan,et al.Design and performance experimental study of frictionally damped infill wall unit[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2013,33(04):210.
[10]薛建阳,马辉.不同剪跨比下型钢再生混凝土柱抗震性能试验研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2013,33(04):228.
 XUE Jianyang,MA Hui.Experimental study on seismic behavior of steel reinforced recycled concrete column under different shear-span ratios[J].EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND ENGINEERING DYNAMICS,2013,33(04):228.

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-1-27;改回日期:2019-4-5。
基金项目:中国地震局工程力学研究所基本科研业务费专项重点项目(2016A05);国家自然科学基金面上项目(51878629)
作者简介:谢贤鑫(1988-),男,博士研究生,主要从事结构工程抗震研究.E-mail:xiexianxin1988@163.com
通讯作者:曲哲(1983-),男,研究员,博士,主要从事结构工程抗震研究.E-mail:quz@iem.ac.cn
更新日期/Last Update: 1900-01-01